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Cocaine Treatment Program

Cocaine treatment ProgramRecovery from cocaine is not impossible

Since its introduction to the United States in the mid 19th century, cocaine evolved from its initial use as an anesthetic into a substance of abuse by the early 20th century. The skyrocketing use of cocaine and its social, physical and psychological consequences prompted the country to introduce anti-cocaine legislation, leading to its eventual prohibition by 1930.

However, according to the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, approximately 36.8 million Americans aged 12 and older had tried cocaine at least once in their lifetime.

Cocaine has a high potential for addiction. Because of its addictive potential and high euphoric qualities, cocaine remains one of the most habit forming and harmful drugs, second only to heroin according to some studies.

Sovereign Health Group is a residential rehabilitation treatment company for substance abuse, mental health disorders and dual diagnosis. Our expert staff provides our patients with cutting-edge treatment programming and a full continuum of therapeutic care monitored by various licensed health professionals.

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Cocaine, also known as snow or yayo, is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that acts as a central nervous system stimulant, anesthetic and appetite suppressant.

Once extracted from the cocoa plant and combined with salt, such as HCL, through acid/base extraction, cocaine is produced in its most commonly seen white powdery form. Before hitting the streets, it is adulterated, or “cut,” with baking soda, lactose, or even anesthetics such as lidocaine or benzocaine to mimic its numbing effect and increase its weight. Depending on the extraction process, the substance can vary from a crumbly, powdery texture to an oily or hard, crystalline one.

Short-term effects

  • Loss of appetite
  • Increased heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature
  • Constricted blood vessels
  • Dilated pupils
  • Disturbed sleep patterns
  • Nausea
  • Hyperstimulation
  • Bizarre, erratic, sometimes violent behavior
  • Hallucinations, agitation, irritability
  • Tactile hallucination that creates the illusion of bugs burrowing under the skin
  • Intense euphoria
  • Anxiety and paranoia
  • Depression
  • Intense drug craving
  • Panic and psychosis
  • Convulsions, seizures and sudden death from high doses

Long-term effects include:

  • Permanent damage to blood vessels of heart and brain
  • High blood pressure, leading to heart attacks, strokes and death
  • Liver, kidney and lung damage
  • Destruction of tissues in nose if snorted
  • Respiratory failure if smoked
  • Infectious diseases and abscesses, such as HIV, if injected
  • Malnutrition, weight loss due to repressed appetite
  • Severe tooth decay
  • Gastrointestinal complications
  • Auditory and visual hallucinations
  • Sexual problems, reproductive damage and infertility (for both men and women)
  • Disorientation, apathy, confusion and exhaustion
  • Irritability and mood disturbances
  • Increased frequency of risky behavior
  • Delirium or psychosis
  • Severe depression
  • Tolerance and addiction (even after just a single use)

Most seriously, people who use cocaine can suffer heart attacks or strokes, which may cause sudden death. Cocaine-related deaths are often a result of the heart stopping (cardiac arrest) followed by suffocation.

Cocaine and the brain

Compared to other drugs of abuse, cocaine has the most direct and immediate access to parts of the brain that regulate mood and pleasure.

Cocaine is a strong central nervous system stimulant that increases levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine in brain circuits regulating pleasure and movement. It prevents the dopamine from being recycled, causing excessive amounts to build up in the junction between neurons. This amplifies the dopamine signal and ultimately disrupts normal brain communication, causing cocaine’s characteristic high.

Repeated use can cause long-term changes in the brain’s reward system as well as other brain systems, which may lead to addiction. With repeated use, tolerance to cocaine often develops.

Since cocaine blocks not only the neurotransmitters dopamine, but serotonin and norepinephrine as well, it is considered a triple reuptake inhibitor (most antidepressants only target one of these).

Treatment with Sovereign

Sovereign’s detoxification and addiction treatment programs have proven their ability to rehabilitate individuals suffering from cocaine or crack dependency.

Our treatment of cocaine addiction is comprehensive and strategies are based on an all-encompassing approach to assess all neurobiological, social and medical aspects of the patient’s drug abuse. It is important for the patient to receive medical care as well as help with their brain chemistry and social problems.

Our brain wellness program and cognitive behavioral therapy fits in perfectly here as we work toward the recovery of not just our patients, but the health of their brain as well. This focuses upon their nutrition, social relationships, sleep, recovery of brain to its normal state and cognition.

We supervise our patients throughout their detox and overall recovery to provide them with the best possible chance of battling this problem of profound implications. Even though cocaine has wreaked havoc in countless lives, recovery is always possible. We make sure of that.

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