After a terrorist attack, the survivors, family members, friends and first responders are often left with serious physical and emotional wounds and may not know where they can turn to receive support. The American Psychological Association (APA) states: “Terrorism threatens a society by instilling fear and helplessness in its citizens. It seeks to hold a society or government hostage by fear of destruction and harm.”
Due to the unpredictable nature of a terrorist attack, it is normal for survivors and witnesses to experience intense emotional distress afterward. These types of disasters disrupt our sense of safety and leave us feeling vulnerable, defenseless, helpless, fearful and confused. Resources are available to people affected by terrorist attacks, many of whom will require additional support and follow-up care to cope with and recover from the tragedy.
Resources available to victims of mass shootings
Last year, the Los Angeles Times reported on the mass shooting at the Inland Regional Center in San Bernardino, California, after a married couple opened fire at a holiday party, which resulted in 14 deaths and 22 injuries, and was later determined to be an act of terrorism by the FBI.
For those impacted by the San Bernardino shooting, these programs might be able to help.
A number of resources are available for the victims and families of the shootings in Aurora, Colorado.
When an act of terrorism occurs while a citizen is outside the U.S., the International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program (ITVERP) is a federal program that provides financial reimbursement for qualifying expenses to those who are affected by a direct physical or emotional injury due to an act of international terrorism.
Crisis counseling and emotional support
Immediately following a terrorist attack, crisis counseling is available for those experiencing emotional distress.
Those who have difficulty coping with intense emotional reactions in response to a traumatic event may benefit from seeking professional help. The Sovereign Health Group provides individualized, evidence-based treatments for substance abuse, mental health and co-occurring disorders. If you or a loved one is a survivor of or first responder to a terrorist attack, or you would like more information on our treatment programs, please contact our 24/7 helpline.
Written by Amanda Habermann, M.S. clinical psychology, Sovereign Health Group writer
For more information and other inquiries about this article, contact the author at firstname.lastname@example.org.