Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIS) are more effective than the newer generation of antidepressants selective serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) for treating anxiety disorders among children and adolescents. A recent study published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry has provided evidence of the same, with the respondents exhibiting significant improvements within the first two weeks itself.
Researchers from the University of Cincinnati (UC) had known for long that SSRIs are more effective than SNRIs but there weren’t sufficient clinical data to validate it. The current study is the first to find out the extent and trajectory of the treatment. After compiling data from nine randomized and controlled trials, the researchers noted more pronounced improvements in the fourth week of the treatment. They also took into account the role of the dosage and tried to find out if higher doses had any impact. Commenting on the findings, Jeffrey Strawn, an associate professor from the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience at the UC, said, “We saw that dosage didn’t necessarily affect how much the patients improve, but it did affect how quickly they get better.”
The importance of the current study hopes to bring changes in the way clinicians select medications for treating anxiety disorders in young people.
Both SSRIs and SNRIs are popular antidepressants that block the reuptake or reabsorption of neurotransmitters in the nerve cells of the brain for relaying messages between brain cells (neurons) after they are released. Some common SSRIs are Prozac and Paxil while popular SNRIs include duloxetine (Cymbalta), Pristiq and venlafaxine (Effexor). While both impact serotonin, SNRIs also affect norepinephrine levels.
Anxiety is common but remains undiagnosed
Little bit of anxiety is usually harmless. It is a response stimuli to fearful situations, such as exams, performance, sport finale, prom night, etc. that subsides after some time. However, chronic anxiety can make children exhibit negative behaviors and adopt avoidance tactics. Therefore, addressing this at an early stage through medications and therapeutic measures is essential. Here are some ways to cope with excessive worry or fear.
Getting help in time
It’s critical to understand that persistent anxiety is a sign of a mental disorder that needs professional intervention. Ignoring the signs or insufficiently treating the condition can create more problems and impact the overall well-being.
Sovereign Health is a premier behavioral health caregiver in the United States offering holistic and evidence-based anxiety disorder treatment to patients. If you have a loved one struggling with anxiety who is looking to connect to the best anxiety disorder treatment centers, call at our 24/7 helpline. For more information on our credible anxiety rehab centers, you can chat online with an advisor.