What are stimulants?
Stimulants are the opposite of depressants. They increase central nervous system activity and, as a result, create alertness with increased vigilance, a sense of well-being, and euphoria. Stimulants are commonly known as uppers. They encompass a broad category of substances and can be found in over-the-counter drugs, prescription medications, illegal substances and herbal extracts. Addiction to stimulants and stimulant dependence commonly occurs and can result in extreme physical complications such as anorexia, myocardial infarctions and strokes. If you or a loved one has an addiction to stimulants, seek help immediately.
Common stimulants include:
- MDMA (Ecstasy)
- Ephedra equisetina plant
Stimulants are used for many medical conditions, such as allergic rhinitis, attention deficit disorder, narcolepsy and obstructive sleep apnea. When prescribed and taken correctly, their benefits can strongly outweigh their abuse potential. However, when stimulants are abused, they can create many unwanted and dangerous side effects.
Stimulants that are not medically prescribed can be found on the streets and in herbal extracts. These are commonly taken to induce a sense of euphoria and as appetite suppressants to lose weight. Common examples of illegal street drugs that are stimulants include cocaine, MDMA, amphetamines and ephedrine.