Cocaine Addiction Treatment Programs

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Cocaine is a powerful stimulant going by such street names as “coke,” “blow” and “snow.” The drug is derived from leaves of the coca plant of South America. When snorted, injected or smoked, it produces feelings of energy, confidence and intense euphoria. Cocaine is addictive and can cause irreversible mental and physical damage when abused over long periods.

Sovereign Health’s cocaine addiction treatment addresses the physical addiction and the underlying factors fueling it. At our cocaine rehab centers we offer medically and nutritionally assisted detox options as well as individualized treatment programs tailored to each patient’s needs.

Cocaine Addiction

Since its introduction to the United States in the mid-19th century, cocaine evolved from its initial use as an anesthetic into a recreational drug by the early 20th century. The skyrocketing use of cocaine and its social, physical and psychological consequences prompted the country to introduce anticocaine legislation, leading to its eventual prohibition by 1930.

Derived from the coca plant and combined with salt, such as HCL, through acid/base extraction, cocaine is most commonly manufactured as a white powder. Before hitting the streets, it is adulterated or cut with baking soda, lactose or anesthetics such as lidocaine or benzocaine to mimic its numbing effect and increase its weight. Depending on the extraction process, the substance can vary from a crumbly, powdery texture to an oily or hard crystal called “crack cocaine.”

What is Addiction?

Addiction is a disease that manipulates a person’s sense of reward, motivation, memory and a number of related neurological functions.

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Short-Term Effects of Cocaine Abuse:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Increased heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature
  • Constricted blood vessels
  • Dilated pupils
  • Disturbed sleep patterns
  • Nausea
  • Hyperstimulation
  • Bizarre, erratic, sometimes violent behavior
  • Hallucinations, agitation, irritability
  • Tactile hallucination that creates the illusion of bugs burrowing under the skin
  • Intense euphoria
  • Anxiety and paranoia
  • Depression
  • Intense drug craving
  • Panic and psychosis
  • Convulsions, seizures and sudden death from high doses
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Long-Term Effects of Cocaine Abuse:

  • Permanent damage to blood vessels of heart and brain
  • High blood pressure, leading to heart attacks, strokes and death
  • Liver, kidney and lung damage
  • Destruction of tissues in nose if snorted
  • Respiratory failure if smoked
  • Infectious diseases and abscesses, such as HIV, if injected
  • Malnutrition, weight loss due to repressed appetite
  • Severe tooth decay
  • Gastrointestinal complications
  • Auditory and visual hallucinations
  • Sexual problems, reproductive damage and infertility (for both men and women)
  • Disorientation, apathy, confusion and exhaustion
  • Irritability and mood disturbances
  • Increased frequency of risky behavior
  • Delirium or psychosis
  • Severe depression
  • Tolerance and addiction (even after just a single use)

People who use cocaine can suffer heart attacks or strokes, which may result in sudden death. Cocaine-related deaths are often a result of cardiac arrest followed by suffocation.

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Cocaine and the Brain

Compared to other drugs, cocaine has the most direct and immediate access to parts of the brain that regulate mood and pleasure. Because of this, rehab for cocaine must be assiduous.

Cocaine is a strong central nervous system stimulant that increases levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine in brain circuits regulating pleasure and movement. It prevents the dopamine from being recycled, causing excessive amounts to build-up in the synapses (the junctions between neurons). This amplifies the dopamine signal and ultimately disrupts normal brain communication, causing cocaine’s characteristic high.

Repeated use can cause long-term changes in the brain’s reward system as well as other brain systems, which may lead to addiction. With repeated use, tolerance to cocaine develops.

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Treatment for Cocaine Addiction at Sovereign Health

Cocaine addiction recovery is possible. Sovereign Health’s detoxification and cocaine addiction treatment programs have proven remarkably effective in treating individuals’ addicted cocaine. Our treatment strategies are based on an all-encompassing approach to assess neurobiological, social and medical aspects of the patient’s drug abuse.

What is Addiction?

Addiction is a disease that manipulates a person’s sense of reward, motivation, memory and a number of related neurological functions.

Our brain wellness program and cognitive behavioral therapy treatment occupy this treatment niche perfectly. The former pinpoints any cognitive deficits patient may have; the latter corrects negative thoughts patients accept as truth about themselves.

Of equal importance is quality medical care. Sovereign Health treats the physical addiction and the underlying psychological factors fueling it. The patient’s road to physical well-being starts with detox, if warranted. Detox safely removes toxins from the body and restores it to functioning homeostasis. When patients leave detox, they heal through routine. This entails healthy food consumed at regular intervals. Substance abuse disrupts the body’s circadian rhythms – its inner clock. Sleep – and plenty of it – is essential for the patient’s physical recuperation as well restoring his cognitive functions. Sovereign Health patients eat well, sleep soundly and hydrate.

Why Choose Sovereign Health?

Sovereign Health is a national leader in behavioral health treatment. Our highly qualified staff provides:

  • Joint Commission-accredited treatment
  • Evidence-based and holistic treatment modalities
  • Personally tailored treatment plans for each patient
  • Continuing care services after completion

Cocaine addiction rarely develops in a vacuum. Sovereign diagnoses and treats all underlying behavioral health disorders, including mental illness, trauma and eating disorders. Only when all issues are addressed can patients truly have the best chance at a real and sustainable recovery. Call our 24/7 helpline to learn more recovering from cocaine addiction.